The competition policy community often focuses on the actions of companies, but the state may also adopt measures that significantly distort the competitive landscape. In the run-up to the 2021 Global Forum on Competition, the OECD’s Jordi Calvet Bademunt and Sophie Flaherty analyse how state intervention can affect competitive neutrality and the main tools available to competition authorities to help ensure a level playing field.
Any investigation by competition authorities of an alleged case of abuse of dominance by firms with substantial market power will be informed, at least in some part, by economics. OECD’s Richard May explores the role economics plays in competition enforcement and highlights some of the complexities and options relating to its effective use in the run-up to the 2021 Global Forum on Competition.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) that fosters green growth and development while preserving natural assets will make a key contribution to efforts to curb climate change and achieve the SDGs. In the run-up to COP26, the OECD’s Iris Mantovani explores the contribution of FDI to lowering carbon emissions and advancing green growth.
The links and interactions between trade and competition are at the forefront of the international policy debate as governments seek to recover from the human and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. OECD’s Ruben Maximiano and Lorena Giuberti Coutinho share their views on the implications state intervention can have on competition and trade policy.
As a review of the OECD/G20 Principles of Corporate Governance gets underway, OECD’s Daniel Blume and Serdar Çelik take a look at what is in store for corporate governance frameworks
Instances of abuse of force by private and public security forces in artisanal, small-scale and large-scale mining operations around the world are increasingly being reported. Companies in mineral supply chains are expected to identify such risks and take action. DCAF, ICRC and OECD have developed a number of tools and initiatives to support this.
Digital technologies and data – including Artificial Intelligence (AI) – hold the potential to automate and thus improve the efficiency and effectiveness of regulatory, supervisory and enforcement activities, which have become increasingly complex in recent years. Looking at the most common uses of supervisory technology (SupTech) by competition authorities, securities regulators and anti-corruption agencies to date, the OECD’s Emeline Denis identifies associated benefits, risks and challenges, and outlines considerations for devising adequate SupTech strategies across policy areas
Artificial Intelligence (AI) promises to bring significant procompetitive consumer benefits but these developments are accompanied by a number of potential risks relating to competition. The OECD's James Mancini highlights some of these risks and looks at competition policy options that can help to ensure that AI reaches its procompetitive potential.
Behind every deforestation struggle is a global supply chain. The demand for commodities in one place can lead to the loss of forest in another, particularly when forest area is converted to other land uses such as agricultural production. This column looks at how the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and related due diligence guidance can help companies understand how they can help address biodiversity challenges, amongst other environmental risks, in their business operations, supply chains and relationships.
The rapidly increasing use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is accompanied by a number of potential risks related to human rights. Focusing on relevant areas such as the right to privacy, non-discrimination, fair trials and freedom of expression, the OECD’s Rashad Abelson looks at how OECD guidance can be applied to AI systems throughout their lifecycle and provide a framework for considering these issues holistically.