Health systems are facing the most serious global pandemic crisis in a century, sparking discussions among policymakers on how to strengthen their resilience.
The Covid-19 pandemic has caused a global humanitarian, social and economic crisis. Poverty will rise for the first time since 1998, with hundreds of millions of jobs lost and livelihoods affected. Many of the jobs affected by the pandemic depend on investments and operations of multinational enterprises (MNEs) and their buyers and suppliers in global value chains. But foreign direct investment (FDI) is estimated to fall by at least 30% in 2020 – meaning that fewer jobs than expected have been and will be created.
Since the Global Financial Crisis, challenges related to capital flow management and financial stability have evolved, leading policymakers to broaden the policy toolkit available to deal with those challenges. In this context, the time was ripe for a review of the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements, the only multilateral agreement covering the full capital account. The updated Code was adopted by OECD Ministers in May 2019 and launched at the G20 Finance meeting in Fukuoka. It is not only more flexible, to better deal with current financial stability requirements, but it also makes an important contribution to the global debate on the international financial architecture.
Richard Hughes, Director of Fiscal Policy at HM Treasury, talks about the UK's ground-breaking report on fiscal risks.